What are The Easiest and Hardest Programming Languages to Learn 2023

Are you considering a career in programming but wondering just how hard it is to learn? This question is on the minds of many potential coding students.

The answer is simple: the more effort you put into learning, the easier it becomes. While certain programming languages may be easier to learn than others, the overall effort you invest in learning to code can exponentially benefit your career.

The Job Market for Programmers

To understand why learning programming is valuable, let’s take a look at the job market. A survey conducted in 2023 revealed that there were over 115,000 average monthly job openings for programmers, while only about 33,000 hires were made. This means that the job market is wide open for those who want to make a career transition to programming.

If you’re considering going back to school or transitioning to a new career, now is the perfect time to consider a coding bootcamp or traditional computer programming education.

Choosing the Right Programming Language

If you’re worried about how hard it is to learn coding, it might be helpful to think about the programming language you want to learn. Different languages come with varying levels of difficulty, and knowing where to start can make a significant difference.

Here are a few of the most popular programming languages and the career paths associated with them:

  1. Java: Used for Internet of Things (IoT), Cloud Computing, and Enterprise architecture.
  2. Python: Used for graphical user interfaces (GUIs), scientific computing, and internet development.
  3. Ruby: Used for Systems Administration, Robotics, Networking, Web App Development, and Security.
  4. HTML: Used for web development and email programming.
  5. C: Used for image processing, systems programming, computer graphics, and artificial intelligence (AI).
  6. C++: Used for windows platforms.
  7. Objective C: Used for software development.
  8. PHP: Used for web application development, command-line scripting, and server-side scripting.

Understanding the most popular programming languages and what they can accomplish can make it easier to assess their level of difficulty.

The Easiest Programming Languages to Learn

When it comes to learning programming, starting with an easier language can boost your confidence and provide a solid foundation. Here are some of the easiest programming languages to learn:


HTML is the most basic code you can learn when it comes to programming. It serves as the building block for web content and is typically a must-know for coders. Chances are you already know a little HTML, making it a great fit for your introduction to programming.


Alongside HTML, JavaScript is a must-learn language if you plan to pursue web development. It is still relatively easy to learn and is considered the essential language of the internet. Mastering JavaScript will equip you with crucial skills for web development.


Python is one of the most in-demand languages for coders. This object-oriented language allows you to explore various fields, from web development to system automation. If you want to be competitive in the job market without delving into the more complex languages, Python is an excellent place to start.


PHP offers a world of possibilities for aspiring programmers. Compared to other languages, PHP is known for being more forgiving, making it an ideal starting point. By learning PHP, you’ll gain valuable experience in finding faults in code on your own, which can be immensely helpful as you progress to more complicated programming languages.


Java has been around for over 20 years and is one of the easiest languages to write complex codes for web development and applications. If you want to have a wide range of career opportunities compared to other languages, Java is worth studying.

The Hardest Programming Languages to Learn

While it’s good to start with easier languages, challenging yourself with more difficult ones can lead to even greater opportunities. Here are some of the hardest programming languages to learn:

C (Including C++, C#, and Objective C)

C is an essential language for anyone looking to code within the IT industry. It serves as the foundation for other languages such as C++ and Objective C. However, it remains one of the more difficult languages to learn and is not suggested as a starting point for new coders.

However, if you plan to continue your coding education, learning C can be highly beneficial as it becomes the building block for learning more languages.


Assembly is one of the least intuitive languages in coding. It is essentially one step above binary and requires intensive study to master. While Assembly may not be widely used, understanding it demonstrates a deeper understanding of programming language fundamentals.


TeX, developed in the 1970s, is not a widely used language anymore. It was intended to be used as a markup language and is considered highly complex. Unless you have a specific need or interest in TeX, it is unlikely to be a priority language for most programmers.

Choosing Your Language and Starting your Coding Journey

When starting your coding journey, it’s crucial to determine which languages will suit your career goals. While the difficulty of a language is a consideration, it’s important to remember that dedication and effort are key to success. Evaluate the use cases for each language and consider whether those areas align with your interests.

The good news is that there is a never-ending need for programmers, so regardless of which language you choose, you’re bound to have a stable career path ahead.


In conclusion, learning programming can be both challenging and rewarding. By understanding the different programming languages, their difficulty levels, and their applications, you can make an informed decision about which language(s) to learn.

Remember, consistent effort and a passion for learning are essential ingredients for becoming a successful programmer. So don’t be daunted by the task, embrace it and start your coding journey today!

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